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"On the evening of May 13, 1861, General Benjamin Butler and 1,000 Union soldiers arrived at Baltimore's Camden Street Station by train. Under the cover of a thunderstorm, they fortified Federal Hill to ensure the city of Baltimore remained under Union control, after the Pratt Street Riot less than a month earlier."
Caleb Winslow Collection, 1864-1891, MS 3142
Finding Aid to the Caleb Winslow Collection, 1864-1891, MS 3142
H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society
Caleb Winslow Collection
Winslow, Dr. Caleb (1824-1895)
1 box, 4 folders, 1 oversize item.
The collection contains various passes and permissions for Dr. Caleb Winslow in Virginia and North Carolina during the Civil War.
H. Furlong Baldwin Library
Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument St.
Baltimore, MD 21201
Open to the public without restrictions.
Permission to quote must be received in writing from the Special Collections Librarian.
Transferred from Gallery.
Processed by Lara Westwood, December, 2013
Dr. Caleb Winslow was a prominent family physician who practiced in North Carolina and Baltimore, Maryland. Winslow was born on January 24, 1824, to Nathan and Margaret FitzRandolph in Belvidere, North Carolina on Piney Woods Plantation. While practicing Quakers, the Winslow family owned slaves, which caused his father to be disowned by the community. Throughout Winslow’s childhood, his father continued to expand the farm and purchase slaves and became wealthy.
After attending local schools, Winslow studied at Haverford College in Pennsylvania and graduated in 1842. He decided to go to medical school at the University of Pennsylvania after he fractured his clavicle and became interested in practicing medicine. He finished in 1849 and went on to have a very successful medical career. He became known for his skill in gall bladder surgeries and amputations.
Winslow married Jane Paxson Parry (1829-1910) in 1852 in Philadelphia and returned to North Carolina to live. They had eight children, five of which died in childhood—Randolph (1852-1937), Olive Parry (1855-1860), John Randolph (1856-1860), Nathan (1857-1858), Edward Randolph Parry (1859-1862), Julianna Randolph (1861-1928), Margaret FitzRandolph (1863), and John Randolph (1866-1937).
Winslow did not fight in the Civil War because of his faith and paid for draft exemption. However, he was arrested during the war for alleged involvement in a fight and imprisoned on Roanoke Island. In 1866, Winslow moved to Baltimore to get away from the destroyed South. In Baltimore, he worked as a general physician, but often returned to North Carolina to care for patients and perform gallstone surgery. He died in 1895.
Scope and Content
The collection contains various passes and permissions for Dr. Caleb Winslow in Virginia and North Carolina during the Civil War. The materials are primarily travel passes and permissions to purchase food and supplies for the Winslow family. The purchase permissions are photocopies. Also included is a copy of a poster for the auction of Nathan Winslow’s plantation in North Carolina.
The documents are arranged by type and date. Some materials have been mounted.
Dr. Caleb Winslow Certificate of Oath and Parole
1865, May 17
Dr. Caleb Winslow travel passes
Winslow family purchase permissions
Family supplies pass
1865, February 1
Nathan Winslow plantation auction poster
1891?, October 1