Children's Fresh Air Society of Baltimore, 1896-1965, MS 3093

Finding Aid to the Children’s Fresh Air Society of Maryland Papers, 1896-1965, MS 3093

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society

 

Collection summary

 

Title

Children’s Fresh Air Society of Maryland Papers

Creator

Children’s Fresh Air Society

Call number

MS 3093

Inclusive dates

1896-1965

Bulk dates

1920-1960

Extent

14 boxes; 7 linear feet

Abstract

This collection consists of correspondence, administrative records, and financial material of the Fresh Air Society of Baltimore during the first half of the 20th century.

Administrative summary

 

Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21218

www.mdhs.org

specialcollections@mdhs.org

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Use restrictions

Permission to quote must be received in writing from the Special Collections Librarian.

Provenance

Donated by Richard Glaser of the Habonim Camp Association

Accession number

2011-015-LIB

Processing note

Processed and finding aid created by Eben Dennis in December 2012

 

Historical Note

The Children’s Fresh Air Society started informally in 1888 after the Christian Endeavor Society of Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church raised funds to give disadvantaged children summer vacations in the countryside; By 1891 the Fresh Air Society was fully organized by 1891and was giving children a two week summer holiday in the countryside, away from hot, noisy city streets. Much of the thought behind the creation of the Society was the misguided idea that the fresh air contributed to spiritual cleanliness and was a most suitable way to prevent disease.

During its first years the Society secured vacation homes for children who were otherwise unable to visit the country. In 1895, 132 boys and 348 girls were sent on two week stints. Homes were also offered for sixty-two of the children, who otherwise could not attend due to lack of funds. Initially the boys were lodged at Camp Endeavor near Bel Air, MD, and lodges for girls were placed in Mount Washington and Phoenix, Md. In 1907 the Society purchased a 38 acre property called Dunkale Farm from Benjamin Amoss three miles south of Bel-Air.

            Applications for attendance to the Fresh Air farm were filled out by families or charitable organizations. These applications were reviewed by a four person staff that made the selections, and then arranged date and length of visit, transportation, place of departure, and individual requirements. The Bureau of Communicable Diseases of the City Health Department sent lists to the office daily of contagious diseases, to insure no exposed children made the trip.

            Organizations such as the Kiwanis Clubs assisted the Christian Endeavor group in the early days of the camp. Hundreds of dollars were raised through street carnivals, neighborhood parades, and even small lemonade and snowball stands. In 1926 the Fresh Air Society became part of the Community Chest, and received support from their annual fall appeal.

The later years of the Fresh Air Society included a notable drug bust in which 16 of the 50 counselors were arrested for possession of marijuana and LSD, after repeated complaints of drug activity were reported to the Harford County Sheriff’s Department. The Fresh Air Society closed its doors in 1983 due to lack of funding and the counselor’s inability to deal with “street-wise” youths.

 

Scope and Content

The collection has been broken into six distinct series : Charters and Bylaws 1896-1946; Meeting Minutes, 1927-1960; George Klinefelter’s files, 1947-1960;  Correspondence, 1913-1957, Subject files, A-Z; and Financial Material, 1928-1965. All of this material was found in the attic of the Habonim Camp Offices in Street, Maryland in 2011. The Habonim Camp had purchased the building, which had been previously occupied by the Fresh Air Society in 1984. The records were forgotten until 2011 when Richard Glaser gave them to the Maryland Historical Society. Original order was protected in series 3, George Klinefelter’s files, as these documents were isolated in manila folders. The rest of the collection had no logical order, appearing to have been dumped into four large boxes. The Charters/Bylaws, Meeting Minutes, and Financial series were all arranged chronologically. The correspondence covers day to day life of the camp, hiring and firing of counselors, activities offered, correspondence with the families of prospective campers, etc. This material was arranged chronologically by year. The Subject Files series consist of pamphlets, reports, flyers, brochures, etc.. These were pulled from the general correspondence, as none of these items related to the surrounding correspondence. Material of this nature that accompanied correspondence was kept in the correspondence series.

 

Container List

 

Contents

Span Dates

Box

Folder

Series 1: Charters and Bylaws

1896-1946

 

 

Charters and Bylaws

1896, 1929, 1944

1

1

Charters, Bylaws and Procedures

1945-1946

1

2

Series 2: Board of Director’s Meeting Minutes

1927-1960

 

 

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1927

1

3

Annual Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1928

1

4

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1928

1

5

Annual Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1929

1

6

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1929

1

7

Board of Director’s Miscellaneous Documents

1928-1929

1

8

Annual Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1930

1

9

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1930

1

10

Committee Reports

1930

1

11

Annual Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1931

1

12

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1931

1

13

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1931

1

14

Committee Reports and Documents

1931

1

15

Annual Meeting Minutes

1932

2

1

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1932

2

2

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1932

2

3

Committee Reports and Documents

1932

2

4

Annual Meeting Minutes

1933

2

5

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1933

2

6

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1933

2

7

Committee Reports and Documents

1933

2

8

Annual Meeting Minutes

1934

2

9

Meeting Minutes and Corresponding Documents

1934

2

10

Committee Reports and Documents

1934

2

11

Annual Meeting Minutes

1935

2

12

Annual Meeting Minutes

1936

2

13

Annual Meeting Minutes

1937

2

14

Annual Meeting Minutes

1938

2

15

Annual Meeting Minutes

1939

3

1

Annual Meeting Minutes

1940

3

2

Annual Meeting Minutes

1941

3

3

Annual Meeting Minutes

1942

3

4

Annual Meeting Minutes

1943

3

5

Annual Meeting Minutes

1944

3

6

Annual Meeting Minutes

1945

3

7

Annual Meeting Minutes

1946

3

8

Annual Meeting Minutes

1947

3

9

Annual Meeting Minutes

1953-1956

3

10

Annual Meeting Minutes

1956

3

11

Annual Meeting Minutes

1959-1960

3

12

Series 3: George Klinefelter’s Files

1947-1960

 

 

Correspondence and Subject Files *explanation for series in folder

1947

4

1

Correspondence and Subject Files

1948

4

2

Correspondence and Subject Files

1949

4

3

Correspondence and Subject Files

1950

4

4

Correspondence and Subject Files

1951

4

5

Correspondence and Subject Files

1952

4

6

Correspondence and Subject Files

1953

4

7

Correspondence and Subject Files

1954

4

8

Correspondence and Subject Files

1955

4

9

Correspondence and Subject Files

1956

4

10

Correspondence and Subject Files

1957

4

11

Correspondence and Subject Files

1958

4

12

Correspondence and Subject Files

1959

4

13

Correspondence and Subject Files

1960

4

14

Series 4: Correspondence

1913-1957

 

 

Correspondence

1913-1917

5

1

Correspondence

1918

5

2

Correspondence

1919

5

3

Correspondence

1920

5

4

Correspondence

1921

5

5

Correspondence

1922

5

6

Correspondence

1924

5

7

Correspondence

1925

5

8

Correspondence

1926

5

9

Correspondence

1927

5

10

Correspondence

1928-1929

5

11

Correspondence

1930

5

12

Correspondence

1940

5

13

Correspondence

1940

5

14

Correspondence

1941-1942

5

15

Correspondence

1944

5

16

Correspondence

1944-1945

5

17

Correspondence

1945

5

18

Correspondence

1946-1947

5

19

Correspondence

1949

5

20

Correspondence

1949

5

21

Correspondence

1949

5

22

Correspondence

1949

5

23

Correspondence

1949

5

24

Correspondence

1949

5

25

Correspondence

1949

5

26

Correspondence

1949

5

27

Correspondence

1949

5

28

Correspondence

1949

5

29

Correspondence

1949

5

30

Correspondence

1949

5

31

Correspondence

1949

5

32

Correspondence

1949

5

33

Correspondence

1949

5

34

Correspondence

1950

6

1

Correspondence

1950

6

2

Correspondence

1950

6

3

Correspondence

1950

6

4

Correspondence

1950

6

5

Correspondence

1950

6

6

Correspondence

1950

6

7

Correspondence

1950

6

8

Correspondence

1950

6

9

Correspondence

1950

6

10

Correspondence

1950

6

11

Correspondence

1950

6

12

Correspondence

1950

6

13

Correspondence

1950

6

14

Correspondence

1951

6

15

Correspondence

1951

6

16

Correspondence

1952

6

17

Correspondence

1952

6

18

Correspondence

1952

6

19

Correspondence

1953

6

20

Correspondence

1953

6

21

Correspondence

1953

6

22

Correspondence

1953

6

23

Correspondence

1953

6

24

Correspondence

1953

6

25

Correspondence

1953

7

1

Correspondence

1953

7

2

Correspondence

1953

7

3

Correspondence

1953

7

4

Correspondence

1953

7

5

Correspondence

1953

7

6

Correspondence

1953

7

7

Correspondence

1953

7

8

Correspondence

1954

7

9

Correspondence

1954

7

10

Correspondence

1954

7

11

Correspondence

1954

7

12

Correspondence

1954

7

13

Correspondence

1954

7

14

Correspondence

1954

7

15

Correspondence

1954

7

16

Correspondence

1954

7

17

Correspondence

1954

7

18

Correspondence

1954

7

19

Correspondence

1954

7

20

Correspondence

1954

7

21

Correspondence

1954

7

22

Correspondence

1955

8

1

Correspondence

1955

8

2

Correspondence

1955

8

3

Correspondence

1955

8

4

Correspondence

1955

8

5

Correspondence

1955

8

6

Correspondence

1955

8

7

Correspondence

1956

8

8

Correspondence

1956

8

9

Correspondence

1956

8

10

Correspondence

1956

8

11

Correspondence

1957

8

12

Series 5: Subject Files

1898-1957

 

 

Architectural Drawings of Fresh Air Farm

No date

9

1

Baltimore Council of Social Agencies : A study of the Children’s Fresh Air Society

1957

9

2

Baltimore Council of Social Agencies: Report of the Priorities Committee

1954

9

3

Baltimore Council of Social Agencies: Summer Employment for College Students

1954

9

4

Camp Chemical Company, DDT Release Statement

1949

9

5

Camp Pu’htok

No date

9

6

Children’s Fresh Air Society: Discipline Form and Regulations Committee

1945

9

7

Children’s Fresh Air Camp : “Look What F.A.C. is Doing”

No date

9

8

Children’s Fresh Air Society: Annual Reports

1913, 1916, 1920

9

9

Children’s Fresh Air Society: A Report on Farming Operations at the Fresh Air Society

1944

9

10

Children’s Fresh Air Society of Baltimore : A History

1929

9

11

Children’s Fresh Air Society: Report For Season

1935

9

12

Children’s Fresh Air Society: Statement of Purpose

No Date

9

13

Children’s Fresh Air Society: Camp Summary and Recommendations

1948

9

14

Child Study Association: 26th Annual Report

1950

9

15

Community Chest of Baltimore

1926-1950

9

16

Community Chest of Baltimore

1926-1950

9

17

Constitution of the Loyal Soldiers Club

Ca. 1920s

9

18

Flower Campaign

1927

9

19

General German Orphan Association: A Report of the 89th Year

1952

9

20

Maryland Christian Endeavorer

1898

9

21

Maryland Christian Endeavorer

1900

9

22

Maryland State Conference of Social Welfare

1950

9

23

Miscellaneous

1940s-1950s

9

24

Special Report on the Board of Directors

1940

9

25

Tyson Street Opera House

1950s

9

26

Series 6: Financial Material

1928-1965

 

 

Cashbook

1951-1952

10

Loose

Cashbook

1953

10

Loose

Cashbook

1954-1955

10

Loose

Cashbook

1956-1958

10

Loose

Cashbook

1959-1960

10

Loose

Cashbook

1962-1963

10

Loose

Cashbook

1964-1965

10

Loose

Cashbook

1966

10

Loose

Stock and Investment  book

156-1964

10

Loose

Investments

1960s

11

1

Investments

1960s

11

2

Financial Reports

1965

11

3

Insurance

1945-1958

11

4

Financial Reports

1954-1962

11

5

Investment Information

1964-1965

11

6

Financial Reports

1962-1964

11

7

Financial Reports

1958-1961

11

8

Financial Statements

1951-1952

12

1

Financial Statements

1953-1954

12

2

Financial Statements

1955-1956

12

3

Financial Statements

1957-1958

12

4

Financial Statements

1959-1960

12

5

Financial Statements

1961

12

6

Financial Statements

1962-1963

12

7

Monthly Reports

1952

13

1

Monthly Reports

1953

13

2

Salaries and Expenditures

1950-1960

13

3

Salaries and Expenditures

1950-1960

13

4

Stocks etc.

1950s

13

5

Stocks etc.

1950s

13

6

Stocks etc.

1950s

13

7

State and Federal Taxes

1942-1949

14

1

State and Federal Taxes

1942-1949

14

2

State and Federal Taxes

1942-1949

14

3

Financial Statements

1928-1929

14

4

Financial Statements

1930-1932

14

5

Financial Statements

1933-1935

14

6

Financial Statements

1936-1937

14

7

Financial Statements

1938

14

8

Financial Statements

1939

14

9

Financial Statements

1940

14

10

Financial Statements

1941

14

11

Financial Statements

1942

14

12

Financial Statements

1943

14

13

Financial Statements

1944

14

14

Financial Statements

1945

14

15

Financial Statements

1946

14

16

Financial Statements

1947

14

17

Financial Statements

1948

14

18

Financial Statements

1949

14

19