Emily Hayden Collection - PP92

Collection finding aids of Photograph Collections in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Maryland Historical Society Library


Prints and Photographs Division, Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

Finding aid created by Katherine Cowan with funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, August 1999


Emily Spencer Hayden (1869-1949) was a photographer who lived in and around Baltimore. She was born near Randallstown at her family's farm, called "The Martin's Nest". Her parents were Edward Spencer (1824-1883) and A.C. Braddie Harrison Spencer (d. 1882). Edward was a writer and dramatist who wrote at times for the Baltimore Bulletin and the Sun, and whose best known play was "Kit, the Arkansas Traveler". Braddie Spencer was born in Talbot Co., and the couple married in 1861. The Spencer family had 4 children, Emily, Katherine, Robert, and Webster Lindsley. Sometime before 1880 they moved to Baltimore city so that Edward would be closer to his literary colleagues, and for access to formal education for the children.

With the deaths of both Braddie and Edward Spencer in the early 1880s, care of the younger Spencer children was left to a woman named Eliza Benson, known as "Mammy". An African American woman, a freed slave, Benson had worked for the Harrison and Spencer families for many years when the parents died, and would live with Emily Spencer Hayden after Emily married and had children. A family friend, Mr. John McCoy supported the children financially, and the oldest Spencer boy was old enough to work. At the time of Edward Spencer's death, the family resided at 294 N. Stricker St.

Emily Spencer graduated Western High School as valedictorian in 1878, and worked as a first grade teacher in the Baltimore Public Schools for a while. In her spare time, she was a painter, reader, skater, and singer in the Ascension Episcopal Church choir. At some point, she met Charles S. Hayden (b. 1870, Baltimore), possibly at the Shakespeare Club which both attended. After Charles' graduation from law school and acceptance to the bar, the two married in 1893. They moved to Moser Street (Mosher?), and their first child, Ruth, was born in 1895. In around 1901, the family moved to Windermere Ave. in Waverly, where two more children were born: Catherine Spencer Hayden in 1902, and Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden in 1905. A friend of Emily's, possibly from her time living in Waverly, was writer Lizette Woodworth Reese.

When Emily began making photographs in the 1890s or early 1900s, she was already an accomplished artist who especially enjoyed making watercolors of Maryland scenes. In 1906, the family moved to a home called "Nancy's Fancy" on nine or ten acres in Catonsville near Mt. de Sales Academy. This land and house, along with family and friends, were the focus of Emily's photographic work for the next 40 years. Emily Hayden did all of her own developing and printing, working with a large format camera.

Collection Origin

Gift of Philip H. Wanzer, Jr., 1985 (001655); Mrs. Anna Bradford Agle, 1983, 1985, 1993, and 1994 (000807).

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of 4 boxes containing more than 300 photographs from years 1861-1945, most of which were made by Emily Spencer Hayden during years ca. 1906 through the 1940s. Most are portraits of the Hayden, Agle and Alleman families, and of family friends including Lizette Woodward Reese. There are portraits of Eliza Benson ("Mammy"), an African American woman who worked and lived with Emily Hayden's family for many years. There are also images of family homes, including Nancy's Fancy in Catonsville.

Note: Related materials are found in the Manuscripts Department of the Maryland Historical Society: MS. 1263, the Dorsey Papers, contains letters on literary subjects written by Emily Hayden's father, Edward Spencer.

Note: Related materials are found in the Library of Maryland History at the Maryland Historical Society: the book A promise is to keep: the true story of a former slave and the family she adopted by Nan Hayden Agle (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub. House, c1985) presents the story of Eliza Benson, a freed slave who worked and lived with Emily Hayden's family for three generations. Re-published in 2000 as Free to Stay: the true story of a former slave and the family she adopted by the Maryland History Press, Fruitland, MD.


Collection is essentially unprocessed, and the photographs have only the most general and informal arrangement by subject, with no documentation of the order. The container list below indicates the present arrangement, while the acquisition inventory indicates subjects that should be represented in the collection.

Container List

4 Boxes

Box 1
18 matted photographs, titled Mt. Desert (Maine).

Box 2
14 matted photographs. Various subjects.

Box 3
22 matted photographs. Various subjects.

Box 4: 24 Folders (folder level list)
Women, n.d. 12 items. Includes Lizette W. Reese.

Groups, n.d. 10 items. Includes 2 negatives.

Groups, people, landscapes, n.d. 24 items. Includes Leonard Bahr; and a Goucher team from 1915.

Men, n.d. 16 items. Includes Harold Cecil, Charles Hayden, Rev. Thomas Yardley of St. Timithoy's Perceval Foster Hall.

Mostly people, n.d. 6 items.

Negatives to Box 5, n.d. 3 items.

Copy photographs, Box 5, n.d. 34 items. Includes Eliza Benson.

Landscapes, n.d. 3 items.

Nancy's Fancy, n.d. 1 item. Z24 neg.

Box 5, n.d. 1 item.

Boys, n.d. 8 items.

Costumed, n.d. 4 items.

Taken by Miss Austen, n.d. 1 item.

Girls, n.d. 31 items.

Mammy (Eliza Benson), n.d. 6 items.

Buildings, n.d. 10 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 7 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 1 item.

Untitled folder, n.d. 10 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 3 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 17 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 24 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 25 items.

Untitled folder, n.d. 3 items.

Glass negatives
Z8.1603.PP92 - Z8.1628.PP92.

Z9.2209.PP92 - Z9.2227.PP92.

Duplicate copy negatives
Z24.720 - Seated man.

Z24.721 - Eliza Benson rocking a child to sleep.

Z24.722 - Nancy's Fancy in Winter.

Z24.723 - Eliza Benson standing in doorway.

Z24.724 - Eliza Benson holding a camera.

Z24.725 - Eliza Benson.

Z24.726 - Profile portrait of Eliza Benson, 1910.

Z24.727 - Eliza Benson holding Anna Bradford Hayden (Nan for Short), ca. 1905.

Z24.728 - Eliza Benson and Kitty (Anna Bradford Hayden's sister Catherine), ca. 1908.

Z24.729 - Eliza Benson and Kitty (Anna Bradford Hayden's sister Catherine), ca. 1908.

Z24.1193 - Child holding Brownie camera.

Z24.1206 - Mary Owens? with quilt, ca. 1905.

Z24.1207 - Winter night, ca. 1915.

Z24.1322 - Man reading to two children (#26).

Z24.1578 - Emily Hayden.

Z24.1592 - Lizette Woodworth Reese.

Inventories from acquisition forms

1983 - photographs by Emily H. Hayden
ca. 300 photographs, ca. 1900-1930.Various sizes and processes. Subjects include: Natural history, costumed people, men, women, children, landscapes, buildings and beach scenes.

Photograph by H. Remick Neeson. Carbon photograph (green) of Hayden sisters in orchard.

Photograph by Guy Spencer. Toned platinum photograph of Emily Hayden.

Unidentified photographer. Gelatin silver photograph of Emily Hayden with large format camera.

Negatives. 5 gelatin silver negatives, film base; 1 gelatin silver negative, glass.

Printed Ephemera. Catalogs, Pittsburgh Salon. 1911, 1921, 1924; Catalogs, Photographic Guild of Baltimore, 1917, 1919, 1921; Catalog. Los Angeles exhibition, 1920; Clipping and two illustrations on Hayden's work, n.d.; "Photography, an Art for Women," essay by Hayden.

Glass Negatives, all by Emily Hayden.

1. 5 x 7 negatives, Girl in Chair With Quilt.

2-3. 5 x 7 neg., Two Girls in Chair with Book.

4. 5 x 7 neg., Mr. Hayden at work.

5. 5 x 7 neg., Nannie and Child.

6. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Woman and Child with Book.

7. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Girl on Steps with Dog, Woman with Camera.

8. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Girl Standing with Dog, Girl with Camera.

9. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Woman with Girl Outside House.

10-12. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Woman with Hollyhocks.

13 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Woman with Flowers in Field.

14 5 x 7 neg., Profile of Woman with Cloth.

15-16. 8 x 10 neg., Family Outdoors.

17-18. 6 1/2 x 8 ½ neg., Profile of Woman.

19. 5 x 7 neg., Two Boys.

20. 5 x 7 neg., Two Boys.

21-22. 5 x 7 neb., Dickens Club, Goucher College.

23. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Dickens Club, Coucher College.

24. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Girl on Steps with Dog, Girl with Camera.

25. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Girl Standing, Sheep, Girl with Camera.

26. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Girl on Steps with Dog and Cat, Woman with Camera.

27-34. 5 x 7 neg., Young Boy.

35. 5 x 7 neg., Young Boy with Doll.

36. 5 x 7 neg., Young Boy with Dog.

37. 3 x 5 neg., Boy with Mr. Hayden(?).

38-39. 5 x 7 neg., Boy in Sailor Suit.

40. 5 x 7 neg., Boy under Tree with Pail.

41. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Boy with Ribbon Tie.

42. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Two Women with Hollyhocks.

43. 6 ½ x 8 ½ neg., Three Boys.

44. 5 x 7 neg., Boy in Tree.

45. 5 x 7 neg., Boy on Steps.

1. Gelatin silver print, 16.3 x 11.4 cm., The Duchess, ca. 1910.

2. Gelatin silver print, 7.2 x 10.1 cm., The side gate at Nancy's Fancy, home of Emily and Charles Hayden, ca. 1945.

3. Albumen print, 11.1 x 16.4 cm., Group of young men and women, including Charles Hayden and Emily Spencer, eating bananas, 1889.

4. Gelatin-silver print, 22.5 x 17.4 cm., Emily Hayden's grandson, Ridgely Cecil, son of Anna Bradford, 1929.

5. Gelatin silver print, 15.3 x 10.8 cm., Charles S. Hayden, husband of Emily Spencer Hayden, ca. 1935.

6. Gelatin silver print, 15.3 x 10.8 cm., Katharine Spencer Alleman with Robert, ca. 1925.

7. Gelatin silver print, 14.5 x 9.5 cm., Gilbert Spencer Alleman, nephew of Emily and Charles Hayden, son of Emily's sister Katharine, ca. 1930.

8. Gelatin silver print, 9.9 x 7.9 cm., Emily and Anna Bradford, ca. 1905.

1. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 16.3 x 21.3 cm., Billy Yardley, the Minister's boy, ca.1913.

2. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 25 x 20 cm., Kitty and Nan with donkey and cart, ca. 1912.

3. Toned platinum print, 11.2 x 15.8 cm., Emma Meecham working on quilt, ca.1915.

4. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 14.4 x 19.2 cm., Ruth and Nan Hayden, at side door of home at Catonsville, ca. 1913.

5. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 8 x 10.5 cm., Sue Collins, Emily's closest friend, ca.1902.

6. Toned platinum print, 12.3 x 17.4 cm., Sue Collins, at farm, holding flower, ca. 1905.

7. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 9.2 x 15.3 cm., Nan seated, in dark hat, ca.1915.

8. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 17.4 x 12.2 cm., young girl, lying on carpet, reading book, ca. 1913.

9. Toned platinum print, 16.2 x 21.2 cm., Goucher girls on lawn at homestead, ca.1916.

10. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 8.6 x 11.1 cm., Eliza Reich, Webster Lindsley Spencer's wife, ca.1920.

11. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 11 x 15.4 cm., Katherine Alleman, holding baby Bob, ca.1910.

12. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 10 x 7.5 cm., oval, butterfly on branch, ca. 1930.

13. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 23.3 x 18.8 cm., woman at well, ca.1915.

14. Toned platinum print, 9.2 x 16 cm., Esther Crampton, friend of Ruth Hayden, holding flower, ca.1915.

15. Albumen print, 8.4 x 12.3 cm., friend of Emily Hayden, seated with shawl, ca. 1892.

16. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 8.4 x 11.2 cm., oval, Ruth Hayden and friend, ca. 1905.

17. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 12.2 x 17 cm., Robert and Gellert Spencer Alleman, in garden, ca. 1915.

18. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 19.5 x 24.9 cm., Lizette Woodworth Reese, in garden, with flowers in hand, ca. 1915.

19. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 19.6 x 24.8 cm., orchard in Catonsville, ca.1920.

20. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 20 cm x 15.4 cm., three Goucher girls dancing in garden, ca.1915.

21. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 15 x 20.3 cm., two girls dancing, Eileen von Borkees on the right, ca.1915.

22. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 22.5 x 8.9 cm., Goucher team, seven girls with ball, 1915.

23. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 17.1 x 12 cm., Nancy's Fancy in the winter, ca. 1920.

24. Toned platinum print, 11.4 x 15.5 cm., Jean Fulton doing needlework, ca.1912.

25. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 19.8 x 25 cm., Gellert Spencer "Bill" Alleman as young man, ca.1920.

26. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 17 x 23.5 cm., Nan Hayden Cecil in garden, holding Chip, ca.1928.

27. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 11.5 x 14.9 cm., Emma Meecham in nurse's uniform, ca. 1915.

28. Toned platinum print, 12.8 x 17.8 cm., Anna Mullikan, seated, with young girl, standing, ca. 1915.

29. Carbon print, 7.8 x 12 cm., Braddie, Emily's mother, 1861.

30. Toned platinum print, 8.5 x 15.8 cm., Mr. Kroeger, looking at camera, ca. 1912.

31. Toned platinum print, 10 x 16.3 cm., Mr. Kroeger, in profile, ca. 1912.

32. Platinum print, 7.2 x 9.6 cm., Evelyn Smithe, ca.1915.

33. Platinum print, 11 x 16.5 cm., unidentified woman in hood, ca.1912.

34. Platinum print, 21.2 x 28.8 cm., Building and tree, Mt. Desert, ca. 1915.

35. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 19.8 x 24.9 cm., mountains and trees, Mt. Desert, ca.1915.

36. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 15.8 x 24.5 cm., Leonard Bahr at easel, ca. 1950.

37. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 24.8 x 19.8 cm., apple trees in bloom, ca.1930.

38. Toned platinum print, 20 x 15.2 cm., Nan and Kitty playing ball, Kitty sitting on grass, ca. 1912.

39. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 20.4 x 15.4 cm., trees next to Catonsville homestead, ca.1920.

40. Toned platinum print, 10 x 15.4 cm., Esther and Margaret Ellinger, classmates of Ruth Hayden, ca.1915.

41. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 10.1 x 15 cm., Anna Mullikan, friend of Ruth Hayden, ca. 1915.

42. Toned platinum print, 12.8 x 17.8 cm., Anna Mullikan, seated, reading, with young girl, standing, ca. 1915.

43. Gelatin silver print, b&w, 10.4 x 15 cm., Mary Owen, working on quilt, ca. 1915.

44. Toned platinum print, 10.8 x 16 cm., young woman in flower hat with Mary Owen, ca. 1915. © 2001 Maryland Historical Society - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
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