Emily Spencer Hayden Photograph Collection, PP92

Finding Aid to the Emily Spencer Hayden Photograph Collection, 1861-1984, PP92

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society

 

Collection summary

Title

Emily Spencer Hayden Photograph Collection

Creator

Hayden, Emily Spencer

Call number

PP92

Inclusive dates

1861-1984

Bulk dates

Ca. 1895-1920

Extent

6 boxes

Abstract

Collection is divided into eight series: Series I: Hayden Family; Series II: Family Homes; Series III: Portraits; Series IV: Goucher College; Series V: Nature; Series VI: Places; Series VII: Modern Photographs; and Series VIII: Glass plate negatives. These series reflect the subjects of Hayden’s photographs, especially photographs of her daughters, female friends and family, and their children.

Administrative summary

Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21201

www.mdhs.org

specialcollections@mdhs.org

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Use restrictions

For information about how to purchase digital reproductions and for permission information, please visit the Rights and Reproductions page.

Provenance

Gift of Philip H. Wanzer, Jr., 1985 (001655); Mrs. Anna Bradford Agle, 1983, 1985, 1993, and 1994 (000807)

Accession number

001655; 000807

Processing note

Processed by Katherine Cowan, August, 1999 and Lara Westwood, March, 2015

 

Biographical Note

Emily Harrison Spencer Hayden (1869-1949) was a photographer who lived in and around Baltimore. She was born near Randallstown at her family's farm, called “The Martin's Nest.” Her parents were Edward Spencer (1834-1883) and A.C. Bradford “Braddie” Harrison Spencer (1841-1882). Edward was a writer and dramatist who wrote at times for the Baltimore Bulletin and the Sun, and whose best known play was “Kit, the Arkansas Traveler.” He also collaborated with J. Thomas Scharf on his historical works on Baltimore City. Braddie Spencer was born in Talbot Co., and the couple married in 1861. The Spencer family had 4 children, Emily, Katherine, Robert, and Webster Lindsley. Sometime before 1880 they moved to Baltimore city so that Edward would be closer to his literary colleagues and for access to formal education for the children.

With the deaths of both Braddie and Edward Spencer in the early 1880s, care of the younger Spencer children was left to a woman named Eliza Benson (1836-1921), known as “Mammy.” An African American woman, a freed slave, Benson had worked for the Harrison and Spencer families for many years when the parents died, and would live with Emily Spencer Hayden after Emily married and had children. A family friend, Mr. John McCoy supported the children financially, and the oldest Spencer boy was old enough to work. At the time of Edward Spencer's death, the family resided at 294 N. Stricker Street in Baltimore, Maryland.

Emily Spencer graduated Western High School as valedictorian in 1878, and worked as a first grade teacher in the Baltimore Public Schools for a time. In her spare time, she was a painter, reader, skater, and singer in the Ascension Episcopal Church choir. She met Charles S. Hayden (b. 1870, Baltimore), possibly at the Shakespeare Club which both attended. After Charles’ graduation from law school and acceptance to the bar, the two married on September 1, 1893. They moved to Mosher Street, and their first child, Ruth, was born in 1895. In around 1901, the family moved to Windermere Ave. in Waverly, where two more children were born: Catherine Spencer Hayden in 1902 and Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden in 1905. Emily became friends with her neighbor, the poet Lizette Woodworth Reese, who often spent time at “Nancy’s Fancy” with the family.

When Emily began making photographs in the 1890s, her husband gave her a camera. She was already an accomplished artist who especially enjoyed making watercolors of Maryland scenes. In 1906, the family moved to a home called “Nancy's Fancy” on nine or ten acres in Catonsville near Mt. de Sales Academy. This land and house, along with family and friends, were the focus of Emily's photographic work for the next 40 years. The thirteen room house was built in 1732 by the Davis family. The house was torn down in 1970 to build the Christian Temple Church. Emily transformed an upstairs bathroom into a dark room, and did all of her own developing and printing, working with a large format camera. She submitted her work to publications and exhibitions in the United States and abroad.

 

Scope and Content

The photographs are arranged by topic and by size. The collection is divided into eight series: Series I: Hayden Family; Series II: Family Homes; Series III: Portraits; Series IV: Goucher College; Series V: Nature; Series VI: Places; Series VII: Modern Photographs; and Series VIII: Glass plate negatives. These series reflect the subjects of Hayden’s photographs. Several photographs include duplicate prints, and these are noted in the container list. Duplicates within the same box were given the same image identification number. Boxes 3-6 contain mounted photographs that were used in an exhibition at the Maryland Historical Society. All of the photographs in the collection were taken by Hayden, unless specifically noted in the container list. 

Hayden especially liked to take pictures of her daughters, female friends and family and their children. The collection includes a large number of portraits of her youngest daughter, Anna “Nan” Bradford Hayden, which document her growth from baby to young adulthood. Some of these photographs feature props, such as her teddy bear and a Brownie camera. Another often photographed subject is her family’s maid and former slave, Eliza “Mammy” Benson. The portraits depict Benson in domestic settings, such as the kitchen or with children. Her friend, Sue Collins, also appears frequently in Hayden’s work, and she did a series of poet Lizette Woodworth Reese, in a garden. She also took many photographs of her home, Nancy’s Fancy, its gardens, and orchard, as well as the animals which the family kept. Her portraits were often taken in the house or gardens surrounding the property. She also took a series of photographs featuring students from Goucher College in which they perform a dance or play of “Cupid and Psyche.” A note on back of one of the photographs states that the women’s performance stopped traffic on Edmondson Avenue. The students were probably part of a group called the “Dickens Club.”

The modern photographs in the collection appear to have been taken by the donors of the collection, either Hayden’s daughter, Anna “Nan” Bradford Hayden Agle, or her nephew, Philip H. Wanzer. They show the family homes as they looked in 1984. The glass plate negatives were donated by Wanzer and reference images of those negatives are included in the collection in Series VIII.

Note: Related materials are found in the Manuscripts Department of the Maryland Historical Society: MS. 1263, the Dorsey Papers, contains letters on literary subjects written by Emily Hayden's father, Edward Spencer.

Note: Related materials are found in the Library of Maryland History at the Maryland Historical Society: the book A promise is to keep: the true story of a former slave and the family she adopted by Nan Hayden Agle (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub. House, c1985) presents the story of Eliza Benson, a freed slave who worked and lived with Emily Hayden's family for three generations. Re-published in 2000 as Free to Stay: the true story of a former slave and the family she adopted by the Maryland History Press, Fruitland, MD.

Container List

Description

Dates

Item ID #

Box

Notes

Series I: Hayden Family

 

 

 

 

Emily Spencer Hayden

No date

PP92.001

1

Taken by Guy Spencer (son of Edward Spencer's brother, Robert) a photographer in N.Y.C.

Emily Spencer Hayden

No date

PP92.002

1

 

Emily Spencer (Hayden) and Katharine Constable Spencer (Alleman)

No date

PP92.003

1

 

Group portrait with Emily and Charles Hayden

Nov. 1889

PP92.004

1

 

Emily Spencer Hayden  (Second from left)

No date

PP92.005

1

 

Charles Hayden

Ca. 1935

PP92.006-.008

1

 

Ruth Hayden (Wanzer)

ca. 1895-1920

P92.009-.019

1

 

Ruth Hayden (Wanzer) & friend

Ca. 1905

PP92.020-.021

1

 

Anna Mullikin, Ruth Hayden, and Jean Fulton, side porch, Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.022

1

 

Charles Wanzer, Ruth Wanzer, and Charles Robert Wanzer

No date

PP92.023

1

 

Catherine Hayden Stewman

ca.1910-1930

PP92.024

1

 

Catherine Hayden Stewman and friend

No date

PP92.025

1

 

Catherine Hayden Stewman and son

No date

PP92.026

1

 

Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden (Agle)

ca. 1905-1922

PP92.027-.051

1

 

Charles S. Hayden and Nan

ca. 1905

PP92.052

 

 

Emily and Anna Bradford

ca. 1905

PP92.053

1

 

Nan Hayden with D.G.

No date

PP92.054

1

 

Nan and Dot at living room fireplace

No date

PP92.055-.056

1

 

Sue Collins and Anna Bradford

No date

PP92.057

1

 

Miss Glenn and Nan Hayden

No date

PP92.058

1

 

Emily S. Hayden with her daughter Nan

No date

PP92.059

1

 

Ruth and Nan Hayden, side door at Catonsville

Ca. 1913

PP92.060

1

 

Nan & Kitty

No date

PP92.061

1

 

Nan and two girls

No date

PP92.062

1

 

Nan Hayden and Brutus

No date

PP92.063

1

 

Nan Hayden (Mrs. Harold Cecil) with Chip

Ca. 1928

PP92.064

1

 

Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden (Agle)

ca. 1915

PP92.065

1

Taken by Miss Austen

Eliza "Mammy" Benson

No date

PP92.066-.067

1

 

Eliza "Mammy" Benson in kitchen

No date

PP92.068

1

 

Eliza "Mammy" Benson rocking baby in cradle

No date

PP92.069

1

 

Eliza "Mammy" Benson with camera

No date

PP92.070

1

 

Eliza "Mammy" Benson at doorway of the little stone house, Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.071

1

 

Eliza "Mammy" Benson with Kitty

No date

PP92.072

1

 

Eliza "Mammy" Benson with Ruth Hayden

No date

PP92.073

1

 

Georgianna Swett Hayden

No date

PP92.074-.075

1

 

A. C. Bradford "Braddie" Spencer

1861

PP92.076

1

Not taken by Emily Spencer Hayden

Series II: Family homes

 

 

 

 

Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.077-.081

1

 

Side gate, Nancy's Fancy

Ca. 1945

PP92.082

1

 

Side yard, Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.083

1

 

"The Little Stone House," Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.084-.087

1

 

Statue

No date

PP92.88

1

 

Trees

No date

PP92.089-.090

1

 

Orchard

Ca. 1920

PP92.091-.093

1

 

Peanuts

No date

PP92.094

1

 

D. G.

No date

PP92.095

1

 

Peanuts, Kitty, and Nan

Ca. 1912

PP92.096

1

 

Bess, D.G., Catherine, Mr. Griffith, Mag the horse, and Nan

No date

PP92.097

1

 

Nan, Mag, and Mr. Griffith

No date

PP92.098

1

 

Bess, D.G., and Catherine

No date

PP92.099

1

 

Nan Hayden with D.G. and Jenny

No date

PP92.100

1

 

Martin's Nest (?)

No date

PP92.101-.102

1

 

Series III: Portraits

 

 

 

 

Katharine Spencer Alleman

No date

PP92.103-.104

1

 

Katharine Spencer Alleman and Bob

Ca. 1910

PP92.105

1

 

Sue Collins

Ca. 1902-1905

PP92.106-.109

1

 

Sue Collins and unidentified girl

No date

PP92.110

1

 

"The Duchess"

Ca. 1910

PP92.111

1

 

Margaret Ellinger

No date

PP92.112-.113

1

 

Esther and Margaret Ellinger

Ca. 1915

PP92.114

1

 

F. Etchberger with Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden (Agle)

ca. 1905

PP92.115-.118

1

 

Elizabeth Foreman Lewis

No date

PP92.119-.120

1

 

Mary Martin and baby

No date

PP92.121-.122

1

 

Emma Meecham

Ca. 1915

PP92.123-.124

1

 

Anna Mullikin

No date

PP92.125-.126

1

 

Anna Mullikin with Boy (dog)

No date

PP92.127

1

 

Anna Mullikin and Dorothy Hewett

No date

PP92.128-.129

1

 

Anna Mullikin and Jean Fulton at house in Catonsville

No date

PP92.130-.131

1

 

Anna Mullikin, Jean Fulton, and unidentified woman at house in Catonsville

No date

PP92.132

1

 

Anna Mullikin and Nan at Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.133

1

 

Lizette Woodworth Reese

Ca. 1915

PP92.134-.138

1

 

"The Rosary" (Annie Meecham)

No date

PP92.139

1

 

Ada Struter

No date

PP92.140-.141

1

 

Ada Struter and Brutus, Nancy's Fancy living room

No date

PP92.142

1

 

Esther Crampton

Ca. 1915

PP92.143

1

 

Margaret Alexander Edwards

No date

PP92.144

1

 

Jean Fulton

Ca. 1912

PP92.145

1

 

Miss Glenn

No date

PP92.146

1

 

Eliza Reich (Mrs. Webster Lindsley Spencer)

Ca. 1920

PP92.147

1

 

Robin Reich

No date

PP92.148

1

 

Elizabeth Sellman

No date

PP92.149

1

 

Aunt Helen Swett

No date

PP92.150

1

 

Unidentified women

No date

PP92.151-.163

1

 

Percival Foster Hall

No date

PP92.164-.168

1

 

Mr. Kreger

Ca. 1912

PP92.169-.171

1

 

Reverend Thomas Yardley

No date

PP92.172

1

 

Reverend Thomas Yardley at St. Timothy's Church

No date

PP92.173

1

 

Reverend Thomas Yardley and sons

No date

PP92.174

1

 

Bill Alleman

Ca. 1920

PP92.175

1

 

Leonard Bahr

Ca. 1950

PP92.176

1

 

Harold Cecil

No date

PP92.177

1

 

August Christelf

No date

PP92.178

1

 

Robert S. Spencer

No date

PP92.179

1

 

Charles J. Wanzer

No date

PP92.180

1

 

Unidentified men

No date

PP92.181-.185

1

 

Harriet Stewman

No date

PP92.186-.187

1

 

"Brown Betty"

No date

PP92.188

1

 

Polly Parker

No date

PP92.189

1

 

Mary Owen

Ca. 1915

PP92.190

1

 

Evelyn Smyth (Duquette)

Ca. 1915

PP92.191

1

 

Gellert Spencer Alleman

Ca. 1930

PP92.192-.193

1

 

Robert and Gellert Spencer Alleman

Ca. 1915

PP92.194

1

 

Robert Alleman

No date

PP92.195

1

 

Robert Alleman and Bill Alleman

No date

PP92.196-.198

1

 

Robert Wanzer

No date

PP92.199

1

 

Bob and Pip, Briarwood, Charlotte

No date

PP92.200

1

 

Philip and Bob Wanzer and Chip (Bradford H. Cecil)

No date

PP92.201

1

 

Bill Yardley

Ca. 1913

PP92.202-.203

1

 

Bradford Cecil

No date

PP92.204

1

 

Ridgely Cecil

1929

PP92.205

1

 

Sidney Wanzer

No date

PP92.206

1

 

Unidentified children

No date

PP92.207-.219

1

 

Unidentified group portraits

No date

PP92.220-.227

1

 

Series IV: Goucher College

 

 

 

 

Goucher College

ca. 1915

PP92.228-.230

1

 

Goucher College Basketball Team: Lou Pennington, Eline Von Borries(?), Evelyn Martin, Sylvania Nagle, Lucille Liberles(?), Caroline Diggs, Anna Mullikin

1915

PP92.231

1

 

"Cupid and Psyche"

1915

PP92.232-.235

1

 

Series I: Hayden Family

 

 

 

 

Ruth Hayden Wanzer

No date

PP92.236

2

 

Series II: Family homes

 

 

 

 

Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.237-.238

2

 

Series III: Portraits

 

 

 

 

Unidentified women

No date

PP92.239

2

 

Unidentified men

No date

PP92.240

2

 

Harriet Stewman

No date

PP92.241

2

 

Unidentified children

No date

PP92.242

2

 

Series IV: Goucher College

 

 

 

 

"Cupid and Psyche" album

1915

PP92.243-.253

2

Some duplicates of "Cupid and Psyche" photographs in Box 1

Series V: Nature

 

 

 

 

Nature

Ca. 1930

PP92.254-.259

2

 

Series VI: Places

 

 

 

 

Mt. Desert, Maine

Ca. 1915

PP92.260-.271

2

 

Baltimore, Maryland

No date

PP92.272-.275

2

 

St. Timothy's Church, Catonsville, Maryland

No date

PP92.276-.278

2

 

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

No date

PP92.279-.285

2

 

Series VII: Modern photographs

 

 

 

 

Emily Spencer Hayden

ca. 1984

PP92.286-.287

2

Possibly taken by Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden Agle or Philip Wanzer

Painting of Emily Spencer Hayden by Anna Bradford

ca. 1984

PP92.288

2

Possibly taken by Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden Agle or Philip Wanzer

Painting of Charles Hayden by Anna Bradford

ca. 1984

PP92.289

2

Possibly taken by Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden Agle or Philip Wanzer

Watercolors by Emily Spencer Hayden (?)

ca. 1984

PP92.290-.292

2

Possibly taken by Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden Agle or Philip Wanzer

Hayden home in Baltimore, corner of E. 34th Street (Windermere Avenue) and Tinges Lane

ca. 1984

PP92.293

2

Possibly taken by Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden Agle or Philip Wanzer

Martin's Nest

ca. 1984

PP92.294-.296

2

Possibly taken by Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden Agle or Philip Wanzer

Series I: Hayden Family

 

 

 

 

Emily Spencer Hayden

No date

PP92.297-.298

3

PP92.297 taken by Guy Spencer

Catherine and Ruth Hayden

No date

PP92.299

3

 

Anna (Nan) Bradford Hayden (Agle)

No date

PP92.300-.303

3

Some duplicates of photographs in Box 1

Catherine, Dorothy Hewitt, and Anna Bradford

ca. 1912-1914

PP92.304

3

Taken by H. Rennick Neeson

Catherine and Anna

ca. 1915

PP92.305

3

Duplicate of PP92.061

Georgianna Swett Hayden

No date

PP92.305a

3

 

Eliza Benson

No date

PP92.306-307

3

PP92.306 is original of PP92.071

Eliza Benson with Catherine (Kitty)

No date

PP92.308

3

 

Eliza Benson with Anna (Nan) (?)

1907

PP92.309

3

 

Series II: Family homes

 

 

 

 

Nancy's Fancy

No date

PP92.310-.313

3

Some duplicates of photographs in Boxes 1 & 2

Nancy's Fancy (?)

No date

PP92.314

3

 

Peanuts

No date

PP92.315

3

Duplicate of PP92.094

Series III: Portraits

 

 

 

 

Dickey Bird

No date

PP92.316

4

 

Sue Collins

No date

PP92.317-.318

4

 

M. Corner

No date

PP92.319

4

 

"The Duchess"

Ca. 1910

PP92.319a

4

Duplicate of PP92.111

Miss Glenn

No date

PP92.320-.322

4

 

Annie Meecham ("The Rosary")

No date

PP92.323

4

Duplicate of PP92.139

Anna Mullikin and Jean Fulton at house in Catonsville

No date

PP92.324

4

Duplicate of PP92.131

Anna Mullikin, Jean Fulton, and unidentified woman at house in Catonsville

No date

PP92.325

4

Duplicate of PP92.132

Miss Patterson

No date

PP92.326

4

 

Miss Patterson with unidentified child

No date

PP92.327

4

 

Lizette Woodworth Reese

Ca. 1915

PP92.328-.329

4

Some duplicates of photographs in Box 1

Miss Schlens

No date

PP92.330

4

 

Ada Struter

No date

PP92.331

4

 

Aunt Helen Swett

No date

PP92.332

4

 

Mrs. Yardley with Henry and Billy

No date

PP92.333

4

 

Bill Alleman

No date

PP92.334

5

 

August Christelf

No date

PP92.335-.336

5

PP92.336 is a duplicate of PP92.178

Percival Foster Hall

No date

PP92.337

5

Duplicate of PP92.167

Judge Smith

ca. 1925

PP92.338-.339

5

 

Reverend Thomas Yardley and sons

No date

PP92.340

5

Duplicate of PP92.174

Unidentified men

No date

PP92.341-.342

5

 

Evelyn Smyth (Duquette)

Ca. 1915

PP92.343

5

 

Mary Owen

Ca. 1915

PP92.344

5

 

Robert Alleman

No date

PP92.345

5

 

Bill Yardley

No date

PP92.346

5

Duplicate of PP92.203

Unidentified children

No date

PP92.347-.348

5

 

Unidentified group portraits

No date

PP92.349-.350

5

 

Series IV: Goucher College

 

 

 

 

Goucher College

ca. 1915

PP92.351-.352

6

 

Series V: Nature

 

 

 

 

Nature

Ca. 1930

PP92.353-.356

6

Some duplicates of photographs in Box 2

Series VI: Places

 

 

 

 

"Along the shore"

No date

PP92.357

6

 

Mt. Desert, Maine

Ca. 1915

PP92.358-.376

6

Some duplicates of photographs in Box 2

"Wisteria," Winston-Salem, North Carolina (?)

No date

PP92.377

6

 

Photograph Exhibition labels

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Games